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The Piacenza Hills (Colli Piacentini) is a hilly geographical region located in the province of Piacenza, between the Piacenza Po Valley and the Ligurian border, between Piedmont, Lombardy, and Emilia regions. These areas have been inhabited since ancient times, as evidenced by the large number of castles, numerous archaeological findings, and manuscripts discovered over the years. The entire area consists of four main valleys: Val Trebbia, Val Nure, Val Tidone, and Val d'Arda. There are numerous sites of historical and naturalistic interest, including the Val d'Arda with its medieval villages like Castell'Arquato, Vigoleno, Castelnuovo Fogliani, Gropparello, and the ancient Roman ruins of Velleia. Moving towards the more mountainous areas, you'll find the Museum of the Piacenza Resistance. In Val Nure, you can explore the Castle of Paderna, the Castle of Vigolzone, the village of Grazzano Visconti, and other privately-owned castles. Situated between the two valleys, in Carpaneto, is the Geological Natural Reserve of the Piacenziano, established to protect fossil remains dating back to the Pliocene. Among the typical products of the region, wine stands out. This area forms a relatively homogeneous wine region that has produced a series of wines with Controlled Designation of Origin (DOC), known as the Colli Piacentini DOC.